Explain the difference between courts of limited jurisdiction and courts of general jurisdiction. Do not confine your responses to the jurisdictional definitions but include the differing functions as well as the eventual outcomes.

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Basically, courts of limited jurisdiction are courts which only handle and review a specific category of cases. As an initial matter, it is important to first understand that in the U.S. Judicial System, there are federal courts and state courts. For instance, when comparing federal courts and state courts, it is appropriate to label federal courts as courts of limited jurisdiction because only certain types of civil cases are allowed to be heard in federal court. A much wider variety of civil cases can be handled in state court. Federal courts may only hear civil cases in which the parties are citizens of different states and the amount in controversy exceeds $75,000, which establishes diversity jurisdiction. Additionally, if the case raises a federal question, then the court has federal question jurisdiction.

In the law, of course, there are exceptions to many rules, and there are exceptions to these jurisdictional requirements. In a typical contract dispute, for example, a state court can usually hear the case. However, if the plaintiff and defendant are from different states, then a federal court would also be another venue in which the case could be heard. This is only applicable if the plaintiff claims in good faith that the amount in controversy is greater than $75,000. If the case is not between citizens of different states, or the amount in controversy does not exceed $75,000, then the case cannot be heard in federal court.

State courts are courts of general jurisdiction, because they can hear and decide almost any type of case. Their jurisdiction spans contracts, personal injury, and many other torts. Furthermore, within each state court system, there are courts of limited jurisdiction. For instance, there may be courts that can only hear divorce cases between spouses. Litigants are responsible for finding the appropriate court to file in, and they can usually get assistance from attorneys or even courthouse officials or staff to determine which court.
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