Two separate illustrations of an animal head and a fire on a mountain

Lord of the Flies

by William Golding

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Explain the symbolism inherent in the destruction of the conch and the killing of Piggy.

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The destruction of the conch, and the death of Piggy symbolize the destruction of what shred of civilization was left on the island. Piggy's commitment to rules and law and order has resulted in his death, and Ralph has proven to be powerless before Jack, who, it is clear, will rule by force. Piggy's speech just before Roger strikes him with the rock makes the point clear:

Which is better—to be a pack of painted Indians like you are, or to be sensible like Ralph is? . . . Which is better—to have rules and agree, or to hunt and kill? . . . Which is better, law and rescue, or hunting and breaking things up?

Roger's rock can be understood as an answer to this question, and it is clear that the twisted vision offered by Jack and Roger has supplanted reason and order for good.

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