What is the symbolism of the Walkers' house, the swamp, darkness, and the Bible in "The Devil and Tom Walker"?

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1. The Walkers' house: Their house represents the barrenness in their marriage.  Tom and his wife barely tolerate each other; so their desolate house and land illustrate the lack of life in their relationship.  In fact, their grounds are so unwelcoming that travelers passing by needing a place to stay would rather walk on and risk a night without shelter than approach the Walker home.

2. The swamp: Irving begins his story with a description of the swamp which symbolizes Tom's moral morass resulting from his deal with the devil .  He so badly wants material goods like the pirate's treasure (rumored to...

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