Tourism can be great in that it can educate the wider world about a particular area, such as the Arctic or the Amazon rainforest. Tourism can bring money into an area and give the people who live there an incentive to protect a natural treasure or a priceless artifact which...
Tourism can be great in that it can educate the wider world about a particular area, such as the Arctic or the Amazon rainforest. Tourism can bring money into an area and give the people who live there an incentive to protect a natural treasure or a priceless artifact which they may otherwise be tempted to destroy in the name of progress.
One way to promote sustainable tourism is to limit the number of tourists or to limit the places they may go. It would be best to involve the local people in this endeavor as they know the area best and hopefully have the best intentions for the area. Smaller tour groups give a more intimate experience with the area and allow for more interaction with native guides. Smaller groups also leave a smaller environmental footprint on the area. As a benefit for the people who live there, making the region appear remote makes it all the more desirable and this could potentially bring in more money for the region.
Eco-tourism should be supported with sustainable infrastructure; while people need places to stay, the region should not be opened to development in the name of bringing people there. For example, one would not get the true Amazon basin experience by staying in a luxury hotel that uses a lot of the region's resources. If one is encouraged to stay with the locals, then one can achieve a greater appreciation for the local culture and the area.
The money collected through tourism should go to the people who live in the area in order to demonstrate to them that it is in their best interest to keep it safe and educate people about their homeland. Part of the money should also go towards ecological efforts to keep the land pristine. If the people who live in the region see that is in their interests to keep the region natural and if tourists want to preserve the region as a place to experience not only through pictures, Earth's natural wonders may have a chance of surviving in a constantly developing world.