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Explain the steps involved in biosynthesis of protein, including the roles of RNA.

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Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) located in a eukaryotic cell's nucleus contains discrete sections known as genes and these contain the genetic code to manufacture proteins. In protein synthesis, messenger RNA(mRNA) is able to make a complementary strand using either side of DNA as the template. In that way, it has a copy of the genetic instructions needed to manufacture a protein molecule. Although DNA remains in the nucleus, mRNA can travel to the cytoplasm and attach to a ribosome. Ribosomes are the site of protein synthesis in a cell. The genetic code contains nitrogenous bases in...

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