World War I

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Explain Russian involvement in WWI and its impact on Russian society and its economy.

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WWI was disastrous for Russia. The nation initially made advances against Germany and Austria-Hungary, but it was soon driven back. Many who lived in the outlying regions of the Russian Empire such as Poles and Ukrainians viewed the advancing Germans as liberators and their best chance for creating an independent state. Societal pressures, which existed before the war, combined with Russia's failure during the war led to the fall of the Romanov dynasty. Russia briefly was a republic headed by Alexander Kerensky, but the Kerensky government was overthrown near the end of the war by the Bolsheviks, led by Vladimir Lenin. Lenin's...

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