Canadians have a similar structure to Americans. The way the courts function is basically the same. If you are arrested, you are innocent until proven guilty. That's a big deal because it's not true everywhere. People also vote, and have msotly equal opportunities.
Are you just asking what values are democratic?
If so, the idea of "rule of law" is one of the most important values. This is the idea that laws are supposed to apply to everyone. No one is above the law. In countries that have the rule of law, the laws apply to everyone. No one is punished for doing anything that is not specifically defined as a crime. The government cannot do things unless the law says they can.
The idea of the rule of law is one of the most fundamental ideas behind all democratic societies.