Explain the relationship between media and crime by applying your theoretical knowledge and principles to explain how media reports crime as a true or distorted reflection of reality. You must use two of the examples of different media formats below and use 2 of the models below to explain them.
Examples of different media formats -
Newspaper articles, books, films, posters, internet, radio, satellite, cable, leaflets, public speeches, meetings, television documentaries, drama’s, etc.
· hypodermic syringe model
· two process model
· moral panics
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The relationship between media and crime is complex. One can say many things. So, here are a few perspectives that you may want to consider. First, if the media presents a crime again and again on a news program, it may give the perception that we live in a crime infested society, when, in fact, it is only one incident. Second, the angles that a news program films a scene of a crime can bring great distortion. Camera angles can make a crime seem bigger or smaller than actuality. Third, the very accessibility of crime in the media may have a distorting effect, especially if one compares this withe the past. For example, a person may think that crime is on the rise by the sheer coverage of crime, when, in fact, there is no rise at all. Perhaps all there is is greater coverage and great accessibility.
Naturally, this will have to be something that you do and discover in your own analysis. I think that you can follow some tenets that should focus your discovery. Initially, if you are analyzing print media, pay close attention to the language that different sources use to describe the same news events. Sometimes, language, phrasing, and syntax can reflect biases. Additionally, how is the information collected or presented? If there is a lack of substantive evidence to support findings, bias might be easier to detect. For example, is the news reporting validated by multiple and varied sources? If it is a non- print source, pay attention to what images are used in conveying the news. How do these help to reflect the biases present? Noting these subtleties in reporting might be able to explain how media bias could help explain a causal link between the reporting of the news and crime. Again, it should be noted that the news media does not cause crime, but rather how does the examination of the news media's multiple forms of bias help to deter or increase public perception towards crime. I think this might be a good focus and analyzing sources and the nuances within them could help in this process.
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