Explain Lenin's April Theses in short points. Lenin was in Russian Revolution

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teachersage eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Lenin wrote his theses in 1917, at which time Russia was involved in World War I.

He said the peasants and the workers should not support any war effort that did not include the overthrow of capitalism. He also argued that they needed to be taught that fighting in World War I was not in their interests. 

Lenin was of an uncompromising bent:

He called for no support of the Provisional government then in power, which he characterized as capitalist and imperialist in nature.

He demanded that the entire state's power be turned over to the Soviets of Workers Deputies (i.e., the communists) and rejected parliamentary democracy. 

He called for the abolition of the state bureaucracy, the police, and the army. 

He called for the nationalization of all landed estates and the end of private land ownership.

He demanded the consolidation of all banks into one state bank to be run by the workers.

He said the first step was not immediately to introduce socialism but to put production and distribution of all products under the control of the Soviets of Workers Deputies.

His writings show he wanted no compromise with the more centrist social democrats, because he thought they were or would be betrayed by the capitalists.  

stolperia eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Lenin wrote the text that became the April Theses while he was in exile in Switzerland; they were published when he returned to Russia in April, 1917. In February of that year, Tsar Nicholas II had been deposed and a provisional government had been established. Lenin returned to Russia as quickly as possible after the ouster of the Tsar; his April Theses were his statements of conflict with the provisional government and his proposals for a new governing order in Russia.

The Theses proposed:

-that the provisional government was a puppet of the bourgeois upper class and needed to be overthrown

-that the ultimate governmental model needed in Russia was "a republic of Soviets of Workers', Agricultural Labourers' and Peasants' Deputies throughout the country, from top to bottom."

-that all privately-owned farmland (the vast estates of the bourgeois) needed to be nationalized, followed by the establishment of large communal farms governed by the peasant farmers who worked them

-that the proper name for the new political party being formed by the Bolsheviks should be the Communist Party in recognition of the communist philosophy and organization being advocated