Explain (in at least 200 words) the tone of the first American Crisis pamphlet. Use evidence from the text to support your response.  

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Thomas Paine was the author of Common Sense in 1776. The work is written in a popular style of that day—a pamphlet. Common Sense is the compilation of a series of essays in support of self-governance and independence from the colonial governance by the British. Roughly covering the period from...

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Thomas Paine was the author of Common Sense in 1776. The work is written in a popular style of that day—a pamphlet. Common Sense is the compilation of a series of essays in support of self-governance and independence from the colonial governance by the British. Roughly covering the period from 1776 to 1783, The American Crisis is similar as it is written in pamphlet style. Many historians credit Paine's essays written under the title The American Crisis as critical to the war effort. Each piece is titled The American Crisis, or simply "The Crisis", and can be seen as a chronicle of the fight for independence at a specific time. Each article relates to a date. The first one appears on December 23, 1776.

The context of the period the first essay is written, and the audience intended, helps readers understand the tone. For historical context, General Washington is positioning his troops at Valley Forge. This colonial militia—comprised of mostly farmers, tradesman, and a sprinkling of business owners—is under a terrible strain induced by the bitter cold. Essential supplies like food, winter clothing, and tents are in extremely short supply. Boots are in such short supply that several soldiers wrap their feet in cloth to keep them warm. Much of the troops are ill from poor nutrition, stress, and bitter cold. Several of the soldiers have deserted General Washington, not wanting to continue in the bitter cold and without pay. Washington is using money from his personal accounts to pay soldiers and to buy supplies as the Continental Congress is at an impasse regarding how to pay for the war efforts.

Paine's first essay, published on December 23, 1776, is an inspiring call to arms. Paine lays out the reasons for independence and calls for resolve in the face of a more extensive and well-equipped enemy. The first two sentences of the article acknowledge the struggle of the soldier and rebuke civilian and non-civilian alike for being passive in the battle for freedom. It is written in the most encouraging and inspiring language that printed words can communicate. The tone is one of patience, perseverance, and ultimate victory. The essay is so inspiring that General Washington is said to have read the first American Crisis to his troops while preparing to confront the British in battle during that winter at Valley Forge!

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