Explain how various literary devices are used in Macbeth, act 1, scene 5.

In act 1, scene 5 of Macbeth, Shakespeare employs the literary devices of similes, metaphors, symbolism, alliteration, diction, imagery, and irony, sometimes all in the same line. These literary devices strengthen the narrative of the play, emphasize its themes, enhance characterization, add depth of meaning to the words of the play, and draw the audience into the "world of the play" through their intellect and emotions.

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Act 1, scene 5 of Shakespeare's Macbeth is Lady Macbeth's first appearance in the play, and it's notable that she first appears entirely alone. All of the major characters in Macbeth—King Duncan, Macbeth, Banquo, Malcolm, Macduff—first appear with other characters. Few major characters enter this late in Shakespeare's plays—an exception, Macduff, doesn't enter Macbeth until act 2, scene 1—and even fewer characters make their first entrance alone. Richard, Duke of Gloucester—not-so-coincidentally another villain—enters alone in act 1, scene 1 of Richard III.

Lady Macbeth enters the scene reading a letter from Macbeth about his meeting with the three witches in which they prophesize that he "shalt be King hereafter!" After a brief interruption by a messenger with information that King Duncan will soon arrive at her castle, Lady Macbeth gives her most striking speech in the play. She calls on evil spirits to remove her humanity from her so that she'll be able to murder Duncan without any...

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