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There is a level of codependency in these two terms, management and leadership. Managing is a process of efficient and effective use of resources to attain a goal. Resources include people and technology; technology means all types of tools, not just "high tech".
Leadership is a process of influencing or motivating others to works towards a goal. From the eNotes reference area:
Businesses assign the role of manager with accompanying title, authority, and responsibility. Management tasks can be taught to others fairly easily.
Anyone can be a leader regardless of their business title, authority, and responsibility. But leadership skills are not as easily taught because they tap into an individual's characteristics or personality traits.
Leaders are not necessarily managers (and some are not good managers) and some managers are not good leaders. In fact, there are times when the two roles are at odds with each other. The manager's decision to downsize can conflict with the leader's desire to keep a good employee. In today's economy, there are fewer options for retaining these good employees even when the manager-leader wants to.
While some managers may not have very good leadership skills, they can increase their effectiveness by tapping into the leadership skills of good leaders in their work group.
A business with no real leader-managers may experience high turnover, employee sabotage, and other signs of ineffective use of resources. Today's business market requires managers who effectively "manage by leading" either through their own leadership skills or by skillful use of other leaders within the organization.
While management is not solely concerned with leadership, it is impossible to be a good manager without having some leadership skills.
A manager must be able to do non-leadership things like make economically sensible plans. However, a large part of a manager's job has to do with getting people to do their jobs as well as possible and as productively as possible. This is pretty much the definition of leadership -- getting people to do things that you want them to do.
The study of leadership looks at various techniques for accomplishing this. This would be quite valuable to a manager as it would give him/her more tools for encouraging workers to be productive.
A very significant part of management involves management of work and enterprises using services of many people. Guiding and motivating these people is a a critical function for all managers responsible for managing their work. This work is very much same as the work of providing leadership to a group of people to help them achieve common group objectives.
On the other hand leaders also need management skills to effectively lead people. The leaders mus be able to decide the ways and means for the group to achieve the common group goals. This work is no different from the work managers do to take decisions on the ways and means of achieving organizational goals, Similarly leaders as well as managers need to plan monitor and control the activities of the people they lead or manage. Thus there a lot in common between activities of and skills of managers and leaders.
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