Maple trees have a number of adaptations to ensure their survival and operation. They have broad leaves to capture the maximum amount of sunlight for photosynthesis. However, they lose these leaves in the winter, thus cutting down on the water loss. Since there is less sunlight during the winter time, maple trees stay dormant and save energy. These trees have reproductive adaptations as well. The seeds of maple trees have wing-like structures, which allow them to be dropped further away from the parent tree and thus increases the chance of the seedlings escaping from predators and/or disease and competition from the parent plant. The roots of these plants are branched out, thus maximizing their water and nutrient uptake from the soil. Some varieties of maple are also shade resistant. That is, new plants can grow easily in the shade of other trees, ensuring better survival.
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