Explain how John the Savage and Mustapha Mond are presented as foils in Brave New World.
In Aldous Huxley's novel Brave New World, protagonist John the Savage and antagonist Mustapha Mond are presented as foils for one another. To truly understand what this means, we should review what this literary device accomplishes:
Foil: two characters whose differences, which are few but extreme, are emphasized by their many similarities.
The main difference between John and Mustapha is easily identified: John rejects and abhors the society of the Brave New World, whereas Mustapha fully embraces and reinforces it. Their similarities are equally clear, but many people have trouble identifying them because of these drastic differences. The similarity between these two characters is the fact that each serves as a strong advocate for his own cultural ideology, to which he tries to convert his counterpart.