Explain how the Industrial Revolution encouraged migration in the world.

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pohnpei397 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

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The Industrial Revolution encouraged movement around the world in at least two ways.  First, it made movement more possible.  Second, it created greater incentives to move.

The Industrial Revolution made it easier for people to move around the globe.  The invention and the spread of the railroad made it much easier for people to travel from place to place over land.  The invention of steamships made it much easier and faster for people to move across oceans.  These modes of transportation would not have been as available or as cheap if it had not been for industrialization.  Thus, the Industrial Revolution made it possible for people to move.

The Industrial Revolution also gave people reasons to move.  It created cities where there were many jobs to be had.  Many people moved within their own countries from farms (where jobs were being lost to technology created by the Industrial Revolution) to the manufacturing cities that were booming.  People also moved from country to country.  Many Europeans, for example, moved to the United States to work in factories there.

In these ways, the Industrial Revolution made it possible for people to move and gave them reasons to do so.

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