Explain how globalization transformed world demography. What patterns emerged in terms of international migration?

Expert Answers

An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

Globalization is a process by which organizations begin to function beyond their normal political borders. Global acting organizations view the world in terms of how much influence can be exerted on international entities. Organizations like government or business are entities consisting of human beings with real needs, and satisfying these...

Unlock
This Answer Now

Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this answer and thousands more. Enjoy eNotes ad-free and cancel anytime.

Start your 48-Hour Free Trial

Globalization is a process by which organizations begin to function beyond their normal political borders. Global acting organizations view the world in terms of how much influence can be exerted on international entities. Organizations like government or business are entities consisting of human beings with real needs, and satisfying these needs, whether social or commercial, is impacted by how organizations interact with humans on a global scale. Impacts have consequences, both positive and negative.

Population shifts occur for a variety of reasons; for example, civil unrest or war displaces populations. The immediate impact of population displacement has both positive and negative consequences. The movement of people most certainly strains the resources of countries where refugees ultimately relocate. Resources such as healthcare and nutrition are almost always under-supplied, leaving impoverished migrants in countries with little or no support to draw from. From a humanitarian perspective, globalization produces waves of humanitarian crises in numerous parts of the world. While globalization may not be the direct cause of undue suffering, it is globalization that encourages migrants to seek better lives in foreign countries with stable economies. The contradiction is that while globalization may be a root cause for humanitarian crises, globalization is the only useful tool to combat universal human suffering.

Globalization creates relationships between international organizations that can be called upon to alleviate suffering. It is difficult to argue against the role globalization has played (mostly positive) in delivering health resources to areas previously bereft of resources. The globalization of family planning services and disease eradication and control, as well as clean water, have been responsible for improving overall global health and increasing lifespan. Globalization has allowed for partnerships between organizations and governments that focus critical resources on resolving many different social and health issues. Seemingly, these positive attributes would have an opposite impact and discourage migration. However, economic considerations most always are the reason for the movement of people, and concerns such as better healthcare do not trump financial considerations.

Because of globalization, opportunities for employment and creating a better life are enhanced. In a review of world migration patterns, economic opportunity is the critical driver for immigration. The relocation of manufacturing and industrial production to economically stable countries spurs immigration from less financially stable countries. Unsteady economies lead to political unrest and instability. Migrants seeking opportunities to better themselves economically leave to find permanent employment and hope for a better future.

Given these facts, if globalization has made migration a viable alternative to residing in the same less-than-favorable economic condition, it can be inferred that globalization not only encourages migration but facilitates the assimilation of migrants into the culture. Globalization has made it possible for citizens to retain their national heritage and participate as world citizens. Though globalization is often critiqued as the leading cause of global unrest, it is equally valid that a socially just society can only exist in a world that openly accepts global migration as a part of positive social change.

Approved by eNotes Editorial Team