How does the woman becomes mad and insane gradually in "The Yellow Wallpaper"?

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The insanity that comes on the woman in this excellent classic is definitely something that grows gradually. It starts of with the confinement of the narrator to her room for "rest," which, according to John, the narrator's husband, is all that she needs. This is typical of the views surrounding depression of the time, and the narrator is confined to her bed and not allowed to see her baby. However, the first section ends with the narrator expressing her dislike of the wallpaper:

It is dull enough to confuse the eye in following, pronounced enough to constantly irritate and provoke study, and when you follow the lame uncertain curves for a little distance they suddenly commit suicide--plunge off at outrageous angles, destroy themselves in unheard-of contradictions.

Note how this impression of the wallpaper develops...

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