Psychology and Cognitive Sciences

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Eexplain how classical conditioning may account for the development of a specific phobia Making specific reference to such terms as UCS, CS, UCR, and CR and stimulus generalization.

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The Russian Scientist, Pavlov, demonstrated “conditioning” of dogs in an experiment involving exposure of the dogs to meat powder (the unconditional stimulus, or UCS), resulting in salivation (the conditional response, or CR).  He then exposed the dogs to UCS plus a ringing bell (conditional stimulus, or CS), each and every time they were given the meat powder, they became conditioned to salivate (CR) in response to exposure to the CS (ringing bell)...

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