Bill of Rights

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Explain how the Bill of Rights and the U.S. Supreme Court work together to regulate the police.

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Lynnette Wofford eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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Both the United States Constitution and the Supreme Court create legal definitions of what police can and cannot do. While the Constitution, including amendments beginning with the Bill of Rights (a name referring to the first 10 amendments collectively), creates the law of the United States, the Supreme Court functions to interpret the Constitution, especially in those cases where nothing is explicitly said about a specific issue in the Constitution. This becomes increasingly important as new technologies evolve such as mobile phones, surveillance cameras, and social media that did not exist...

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chardonay132 | Student

The Bill of Rights, as interpreted by the Supreme Court and other courts, regulates the police by dictating to them what procedures they may and may not use in trying to apprehend suspects and gather evidence about them.

The most important part of the Bill of Rights in this regard is the 4th Amendment.  Court interpretations of this amendment regulate when police need warrants to search people and property.

Another important amendment is the 5th Amendment.  It is this amendment which gave rise to the famous Miranda case which requires police to read suspects their rights.

chardonay132 | Student

The Supreme Court, through its policy of judicial review, has made a significant impact on the way the police do their job. Also the court influenced the police by regulating how they should conduct their searches and seizures.