Explain how an individual's differences can affect the perception of stressors and the experience of stress.

Everyone's perception of stress is different based on an individual's tolerance levels. Stress can impact an individual's physical and mental health in ways such as headaches, depression, weight gain or loss, an increase or decrease in appetite, restlessness, insomnia, loss of fertility, decreased libido, lack of motivation, heartburn, heart attack, increased heartrate, and bowel issues.

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Stress is a natural physical and mental response to situations that arise throughout an individual's day and lifetime. Due to the each individual's unique tolerance levels and perceptions of stress, stress affects each individual differently.

Common physical reactions to stress can include the following:

  1. Increased or decreased appetite
  2. Weight loss...

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Stress is a natural physical and mental response to situations that arise throughout an individual's day and lifetime. Due to the each individual's unique tolerance levels and perceptions of stress, stress affects each individual differently.

Common physical reactions to stress can include the following:

  1. Increased or decreased appetite
  2. Weight loss or weight gain
  3. Hormonal fluctuations that result in a loss of fertility, fluctuation/stop of menstrual cycle, or erectile dysfunction
  4. Muscle tension
  5. Headaches
  6. Heartburn
  7. Rapid breathing
  8. Increased heart rate
  9. Heart attack
  10. Insomnia
  11. Weakened immune system
  12. High blood pressure
  13. Bowel issues
  14. Decreased libido

Here are common mental reactions to stress:

  1. Effects on the central nervous system, which controls an individual's "fight or flight" response to stressful situations
  2. Effects on the endocrine system and hypothalamus, which releases stress hormones (adrenaline and cortisol) that fuel an individual's response to stressful situations
  3. Irritability
  4. Anxiety
  5. Lack of motivation
  6. Sadness and/or depression

Stress management is an important step that individuals can take in order to control stress and minimize the negative effects that stress can have on an individual's physical and mental well-being. Stress management strategies can also result in an overall improved health. Stress management strategies include

  1. Regular physical exercise
  2. Relaxation techniques, such as deep breathing exercises and yoga
  3. Taking up hobbies, such as reading a book and cooking
  4. Social activities
  5. Having a sense of humor

However, not all stress is bad. Short-term stress can be beneficial to an individual's health by assisting with problem solving and critical thinking.

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