Explain any four salient features of the Indian constitution.

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mkoren eNotes educator| Certified Educator

There are several main features of the constitution of the country of India.  This constitution was adopted on November 26, 1949 and went into effect on January 26, 1950.  First, the government structure of India has features of a federal system.  The government structure also has some unitary features.   Second, India has a parliamentary system of government. There is a President and a Vice President, but they are more ceremonial in nature.  The Prime Minister is the head of the government and has real political power along with the Council of Ministers.  Third, the constitution calls for different branches of government and a separation of powers.  Finally, there is a process for making amendments to the constitution.  Many amendments have been made to the constitution. In less than 65 years, India has more than three times as many amendments to their constitution as we have in our constitution. These are some of the basic features of the Indian constitution.