Explain the factors that led to European exploration in the 15th century?Explain the factors that led to European exploration in the 15th century?

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mkoren eNotes educator| Certified Educator

There were several factors that led to European exploration in the 15th century. One factor was the desire to find a shorter route to Asia. The Europeans were trading with Asia, and the land route to Asia was a difficult and dangerous route to travel. The Europeans hoped they might find quicker routes to Asia, either by going around Africa, as Vasco da Gama did, or by heading west, as Christopher Columbus did.

Another factor was the desire to convert people to Christianity. When new lands were discovered, the Europeans learned that the people living in these lands were not Christian. Thus, the Europeans saw an opportunity to spread their religion to other places.

Finally, the desire for land, wealth, and power were factors encouraging exploration. The European powers were constantly competing with each other for influence. Each country knew that if it controlled more land, the land would help their country become stronger. Once it was known that there were mineral resources in these new lands, the Europeans hoped to use these mineral resources to make their countries stronger from a financial standpoint. These lands could also help increase trade for the European countries.

There were many factors that led to European exploration in the 15th century.

pohnpei397 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

I think that the second post means to use the word "imperial," not "empirical."  Those are very different things.

The formula that is often used to describe the Europeans' motives is "God, gold, and glory."  The Europeans went out for God (to Christianize the heathens in the rest of the world), for gold (to get rich) and for glory (to become famous for being the first to "find" one thing or another.

It is up to each person individually to decide which of these "g" words actually had the most to do with the Europeans' decision to go exploring.

litteacher8 eNotes educator| Certified Educator
The main factor that led to European exploration was the climate and lack of land available in Europe. Tiny land-locked countries can only expand by taking a colony. They also could not produce all of the goods they wanted, and they needed spices and silk from the Orient. The result was to send out the ships!