Concerning your question about Shakespeare's "Sonnet 18," just so you don't leave the answers to your question with a misunderstanding, the sonnet isn't arranged in two-line stanzas.
A Shakespearean sonnet is usually organized in three quatrains (four-line stanzas), followed by a couplet (a pair of rhyming lines). You can see this in the rhyme scheme of this sonnet:
a b a b c d c d e f e f g g
The rhymes form the stanzas with the combinations of a and b, c and d, e and f, and g and g.
Just to explain, in the first stanza, day and May rhyme, and temperate and date form a sight rhyme.
- The speaker wants to think about comparing his love to a summer's day. But he says she is more beautiful and more moderate than that.
- That's because there are strong winds and because summer doesn't last long.
- Sometimes it's too hot, sometimes not sunny enough.
- Everything that is beautiful naturally fades away and gets less beautiful.
- But she and her beauty will not fade.
- And she will never die -- death can never claim her.
- So long as this poem is around, it will give life to her.
I need to study Sonnet 18 but I see that the last couplet doesn´t rhyme, does it? So the rhyming scheme is not GG, is it?
Thanks for your help!