Explain the differences in men and women as both victims and offenders in terms of deviance and crime.  Are the rates of victimization and crime different?  

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In general, men are far more likely to commit crimes than women. Men constitute 98 percent of those arrested in the United States for rape and over 90 percent of those arrested for homicide. Males are also far more likely to be perpetrators of violent crimes than females. It is only in larceny-theft.and 51.3% embezzlement that we approach gender equality in criminal behavior. Similarly, in Canada, men are four times more likely to be arrested for crimes than women and commit over 85 percent of felonies.

In terms of victimology, men are over twice as likely to be victims of homicide or assault then women, but are far less likely to be victims of rape, kidnapping, or criminal harassment (e.g. stalking).

Criminologists have attempted to explain these gender differences using various different models including evolutionary biology, social norms, and gender inequality. Evolutionary biologists argue that the history of the human race has predisposed men to violent and competitive behaviors and women to cooperative ones due to the needs of child rearing and the different demands of hunting and plant gathering. Next, women are socialized in North America to exhibit more self control and less aggression. Also it is theorized that traditionally female lifestyles provide less opportunity for criminal behavior. 


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