The Railway Labor Act of 1926 was designed to oversee labor relations in the railroad industry. It was amended in 1934 as part of the New Deal to include the airline industry. The differences between the RLA and the NLRA, National Labor Relations Act 1935 otherwise known as the Wagner Act concern how labor disputes are handled. Under the RLA there was a Board of Adjustment to mediate lador disputes, while under the NLRA collective bargaining between the two groups was used in an effort to have employee demands met. The FLRA was created by the Civil Service Reform Act 1978. This independent federal agency was is a federal 'watchdog' agency. It defines the specific rights between employers and employees as well as labor organizations. As an independent agency its decisions are to benefit the public interests.