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Explain the concepts of Pax Sinica and Pax Romana. How did Han and Roman Leaders promote long periods of peace and prosperity in eastern and western Afro-Eurasia, respectively?

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The concepts of Pax Sinica and Pax Romana refer to successful periods of peace and prosperity in Chinese and Roman history, respectfully. Historians have extensively studied the leaders and ruling governments that oversaw these periods and the techniques they used to promote and sustain peace.

Both periods of peace were notably sustained through the strength of authoritarian rule, increased global trade, social and religious propaganda, and isolationist military tactics.

The Pax Romana was a roughly two-hundred-year period in Roman history. The beginning of Pax Romana is marked by the rise of Caesar Augustus, the first emperor of the Roman Empire, in the year 27 BCE. The end of Pax Romana is marked by the death of Marcus Aurelius in the year 180 CE.

Prior to Caesar's rise as emperor, the Roman people had continuously been at war with various groups for nearly two hundred years. This was their way of life. They were very comfortable with war. Periods of peace did not feel natural. As a...

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