What are the concepts of base structure and superstructure that Eagleton uses in Literary Theory: An Introduction, and what is literature illustrating these concepts from novels or films?

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"Base structure" and "superstructure" are terms used in Marxist literary theory to describe the economic-political-cultural orientation of a society as it is reflected in a work of literature or in a collected body of literary works.

Base structure is the underlying economic framework of a society. Thomas Hardy is good at revealing the underlying economic framework of 18th century England, especially in Tess of the d'Urbervilles. The base structure for England is shown to be one in which the monied landowners dominate the labor of the unmonied land leasors who labor for their daily bread and a roof over their heads. Nonetheless, Hardy also shows the benevolent side of these...

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