Segregation and the Civil Rights Movement Questions and Answers

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Explain and compare the strategies of the NAACP, SNCC, and SCLC.

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First, we should recognize that the NAACP was much older than the other two organizations. It was founded in the first decade of the twentieth century, whereas the SCLC and SNCC were founded in the midst of the post–World War II struggle for civil rights. Early on, the NAACP adopted a strategy it would pursue throughout the twentieth century. The NAACP lobbied for civil rights legislation, beginning with its crusade for anti-lynching laws in the early twentieth century. It maintained a legal fund and financed lawyers who challenged discriminatory laws in court (for example, NAACP attorneys argued the landmark Brown v. Board of Education case before the Supreme Court in 1954). 

The SCLC, or Southern Christian Leadership Conference, was born in the wake of the Montgomery Bus Boycotts, which ended successfully with the full integration of buses in the Alabama capital. The SCLC, centered in African-American churches and headed by Martin Luther King, Jr., was an attempt to expand the...

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What was the final straw that separated the SNCC from the SCLC?