Management is the work concerned with improving the effectiveness of any work or operations. It is possible improve the effectiveness of any type of work by managing it appropriately, however methods of management are particularly important for work performed by groups of more than one person. We can look at the characteristics of management from many different ways. One widely used way for understanding characteristics of management is to understand the basic constituent functions of management. Theses are:
- Planning or Decision Making
- Leading and Motivating
Planning involves decision on what needs to be done and how it is to be done. Among other things it it also involves objectives to be achieved by the work being managed.
Organizing involves designing the structure of the group performing the work in terms of who will do what and the relationships between the group members. It also involves finding and putting in place suitable people to perform the jobs identified in organization structure.
Leading is mainly concerned with motivating and guiding the people in the organization to work in accordance with the plans or decision taken.
In real world, thing rarely move exactly as planned. Thus there is need to regularly monitor how exactly the work is being performed and what results are being achieved. Based on such monitoring information, suitable action may be taken to solve the problems encountered and to adjust to changing situations.