Managerial work is primarily about ensuring that the goals and objectives of an organization are met. This means ensuring that all members of a team work together efficiently, with all required resources at their disposal. These resources can be human, financial, technological, or natural.
The functions of managerial work are plentiful. They include planning, organizing, staffing, directing, monitoring, and motivating. A manager is required to be a figurehead and leader, while also being the person who disseminates information to those working under them. He or she is also responsible for handling any non-routine events which occur, being an initiator of change, and being a negotiator when needed.
Managerial work has been broken down into ten roles by a Canadian academic, Professor Harry Mintzberg. These roles include monitoring, disseminating information, being a spokesperson, being a figurehead, leading, liaising, being an entrepreneur, handling disturbances, allocating resources, and negotiating.