Explain the causes of and the conflicts concerning the US and Cuba during the Cold War?
When the Cuban Revolution took place in 1958 and Fidel Castro declared himself to be a communist, the United States took notice. Cuba would be, then, the first communist nation in the Western Hemisphere. We dusted off the Monroe Doctrine and the Roosevelt Corollary and attempted to enforce containment by quickly removing Castro from power. So cause #1 was the Revolution and our policy of containment. This led to the Bay of Pigs attempted reinvasion of Cuba, a dismal failure that only strengthened Castro's resolve and indirectly led to conflict #2.
Nikita Krushchev decided that his communist foothold needed to be protected with nuclear weapons so that invasion would become impossible, so over Castro's objections, he convinced the leader to allow them to be stationed there. This was cause of conflict #2, the Cuban Missile Crisis, where for 13 days in October of 1962, the two superpowers squared off for what seemed like a probable nuclear war.
Also remember that because of the revolution, we have had an embargo on Cuba for over 50 years, and the CIA also tried to assassinate Castro on numerous occasions.
There were two major conflicts involving the US and Cuba during the Cold War. They were the Bay of Pigs invasion in 1961 and the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962.
The Bay of Pigs invasion happened because Fidel Castro had taken control of Cuba and allied it with the Soviet Union. The US wanted to overthrow Castro and tried to do it by having anti-Castro Cubans invade.
The Cuban Missile Crisis happened because the Soviet Union put nuclear missiles in Cuba. Before that, they had no missiles that could hit the US. Now they did. That caused a major crisis between the US and the USSR over Cuba.