There is more than one way to interpret your question. I'm thinking that you are asking about the types of buds a plant can produce. In dicot plants,there are several different types of buds, all of which can result in new growth. Apical buds form at the very tip of a stem or shoot. They can create either the next year's shoot growth (resulting in a taller plant), flowers, or both. Axillary buds are found along the sides of a stem, in the axillae, which are the joints where each leaf connects to the stem. They also can result in flowers and/or the growth of a new branch, which makes the plant bushier or wider instead of taller.
Some plants can also develop epicormic buds. These are buds that are hidden beneath the bark, and they generally remain dormant unless the plants hormone status changes. For example, is the top of a tree is cut or broken off, epicormic buds may activate and provide new branches to replace the lost growth.
Please let me know if that's the answer you were looking for.