Explain any 4 salient features of the Indian constitution.

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Ashley Kannan eNotes educator| Certified Educator

I think that one of the most stark features of the Indian Constitution is that it declares itself to be a socialist nation. Such language was officially amended to be a part of the document in the late 1970s.  The fact that the Constitution would speak to this is really interesting given how monetarily driven India is today.  The capitalist setting in which India finds itself might not immediately strike one as "Socialist." Another salient feature of the Constitution would be that while Hindi is listed as an "official language," it is difficult to find an "official language" in a nation where there are so many languages and dialects.  The Indian Constitution tries to offer a streamlined approach to a setting where divergence is more evident than convergence.  Along these lines, I would think that in a nation that struggles with trying to create a level playing field for men and women, something that tradition and rural settings do a fairly good job in destroying, one of the Indian Constitution's "fundamental rights" speaks to the right against exploitation.  Again, where India finds itself in a capitalist setting where the rich are becoming wealthier and those who are not as well off are finding it more difficult to avoid being exploited, this speaks volumes as to the gulf between reality and theory.  Finally, the Indian Constitution speaks to education as a right, ensuring that individuals are able to "set up their own educational institutions to preserve and develop their own culture."  It is interesting to see how the Socialist ideas that India was developed with in its Constitution speaks to public welfare as part of the "fundamental rights," something that really does have to be reexamined in light of the growing economic and social modernisation that India is currently undergoing.