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Explain America's industrial growth during the World War I era.

America’s industrial growth during the World War I era was largely due to the huge increase in demand for army supplies. Large contracts from the Army and Navy kept factories busy producing food, clothing, guns, and ammunition.

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At the outset of World War I the United States was in a recession, but the war initiated a 44-month period of industrial and economic growth. The upturn for the US economy came long before the United States entered the war. For two and a half years before war was declared, the United States supplied resources for Allied Powers such as France, Great Britain, and Russia. This caused industry to boom as the country exported planes, automobiles, machinery, and other manufactured goods. In 1913, the total value of US exports was only $2.4 billion, but by 1917 the total value had risen to $6.2 billion.

When the United States entered World War I on April 4, 1917, industry grew even more rapidly. There was a need for the manufacturing of massive amounts of rifles, gunpowder, artillery rounds, explosives, and engines for military vehicles and planes, as well as clothing and other needs of the troops. As the manufacturing sector grew, unemployment dropped drastically. Because so many men were...

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