Identify five different poetic devices in Thomas Hardy's poem "The Voice."Poetic devices like personification, metaphor, rhyme scheme in "The voice" by Thomas Hardy.

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Karen P.L. Hardison eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The meter of Thomas Hardy's rather haunting four stanza quatrain poem "The Voice" is built around the phrases "call to me" and "all to me" and the words "listlessness" and "wistlessness," and has the abab cdcd efef ghgh rhyme scheme that is usual for a quatrain. The meter undergoes a change at line 12: "Heard no more again far or near?," with this and the following four lines built around "no more / again" and "woman / calling."

The meter starts out with the rhythmic beat of ( / ^ ^ )--which is stressed followed by two unstressed beats and is called a dactyl rhythm--and carries on for four feet (measures) in each line, thus making the rhythmic meter dactylic tetrameter: ( / ^ ^ ) for four feet. At line 12 the rhythm changes to trochaic, which is ( / ^ ). or stressed followed by one unstressed beat. Line 12 has four feet, making it trochaic tetrameter, but lines 13 through 16 are trochaic trimeter, or three feet of trochees.

Line 1 has an apostrophe to "Woman." An apostrophe is an appeal to someone who is absent or dead or to something that is inanimate. In this case, the apostrophe is to a woman who is not present. One instance of personification occurs at line 9. Personification is giving human traits, motives, actions etc. to inanimate objects. In line 9 "the breeze" is personified with the human trait of "listlessness." Line 4 contains a metaphor comparing a day with a human feature of beauty: "fair."