Explain 3 contributions that timbuktu contributed to Islam in history, in details.
Their major contribution was in the area of actual study of and scholarship around Islam, being as it was in many ways a central gathering point for thinkers from various parts of the Islamic world and also home to one of the first universities in the world which taught about Islam.
Timbuktu also served as a refuge for many of the Islamic leaders that were driven out of the Ghana Empire when it fell, and the influx of those leaders and scholars only helped to build the strength of Islam in Timbuktu and surrounding areas.
Perhaps a third was the collection of and safegaurding of a huge number of manuscripts regarding Islam (and a variety of other things) that the Universities in Timbuktu helped to orchestrate.
Timbuktu was crucial in the development and spreading of the Islamic faith. The city helped spread Islam through its geographic location, which led to its booming economy, its development of Islamic learning/universities, and its production of books and literature. During the 11th century, the city was a trading hub. The region is strategically located near the Niger River, and is known for its rock-salt. Its success as a commercial strongpoint, attracted many African merchants, scholars, and architects. With the help of wealthy kings, these scholars settled Timbuktu and built Islamic universities and mosques.
By the 12th century, three main universities, and over 100 Koranic schools were built in Timbuktu. Through the universities, Islamic principles could be taught and spread. Moreover, Timbuktu imported, published, and reproduced books and literature, including manuscripts. These manuscripts from Timbuktu’s “Golden Age,” are not only written about theology, but include writings about mathematics, science, astronomy, etc.