By the Waters of Babylon by Stephen Vincent Benét

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Are all three types of irony used in "By the Waters of Babylon"? Please give examples if they are.

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Dramatic irony is when the audience knows something that characters in the story do not. We as readers know that John, the narrator, is describing New York City, and we know that in his visions he sees subways, airplanes, and nuclear war. John, coming from a far less technologically advanced culture, cannot understand as we do what he is seeing, and must describe it terms of his own context.

Situational irony arises when a situation is the opposite of what it seems. John and his people think gods built the big cities that are now called Dead Places, but we, as part of the civilization he is describing, know they were built by anything but gods. John will come to understand at the end that men...

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