Find examples of an inversion and an invective in Chapters 1-4 of Animal Farm.

Expert Answers
kathik eNotes educator| Certified Educator

George Orwell uses both inversions and invectives in his classic novel Animal Farm. An inversion is also known as "anastrophe," and is a technique where the usual order of words is changed, usually for emphasis. For example, instead of the normal noun, verb order, the verb is placed first; or an adjective, which usually comes before the noun it modifies, is placed after the noun. In Chapter One, Orwell writes,

"Alone among the animals on the farm he never laughed." (Orwell 26)

And in Chapter Three,

"About the rebellion and its results he would express no opinion." (Orwell 47)

In both of these sentences, the subject, which would normally come at the beginning of the sentence, is "he." 

An invective is an insult which attacks or denigrates someone or something and shows the strong emotion of the speaker. Shakespeare was famous for his invectives. Orwell also uses this in Chapter 1:

"Man is the only real enemy we have. Remove Man from the scene, and the root cause of hunger and overwork is abolished for ever. Man is the only creature that consumes without producing. He does not give milk, he does not lay eggs, he is too weak to pull the plough, he cannot run fast enough to catch rabbits."  (Orwell 29)