Three examples of descriptive language used by Junot Diaz in Fiesta, 1980 include the following:
Mami looked really nice that day. The United States had finally put some meat on her; she was no longer the same flaca who had arrived her three years before.
The author describes how the mother looks using stylistic language by inserting Spanish terms into sentences, and personifying the United States. He describes the mother as having gained some healthy weight in the time since the family moved to America. He uses the Spanish, flaca, meaning a very thin woman, to remind the reader where she came from and where she is now.
As the family is getting ready to leave for a party, Diaz writes, “Mami was crossing each one of us, solemnly, like we were heading off to war. We said, in turn, Bendicion…”
The author use a simile to describe how sacred and important the mother feels about her blessing as the family readies to leave the house. Each time they go any place she blesses them as if they were leaving forever. This is her custom but there is an underlying meaning, and the children understand the importance of her ritual as they respond. The simile also alludes to the fact the just prior to this scene, the father had an angry tirade. Not only was the mother blessing the children as they were leaving she was acknowledging they angry atmosphere her family lives in.
In describing the uncle, Tio Miguel, the author says,
Tio Miguel was about seven feet tall and had his hair combed up and out, into a demi-fro. He gave me and Rafa big, spleen-crushing hugs and then kissed Mami, and finally ended up with Madai on his shoulder.
The author uses hyperbole by saying Tio Miguel is seven feet tall and gives out spleen crushing hugs. In the children’s eyes he was the tallest and strongest man they have ever seen or felt. This description is important to the reader as the story progresses when Tio Migual's strength is important.