Examine Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs from the humanistic perspective.

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accessteacher eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Maslow was one of the founders of humanistic psychology, which focused on the goal of self-actualisation as a positive approach for humans. What Maslow contributed to humanistic psychology through his hierarchy of needs was the desire to examine humans not just as a collection of symptoms, but by recognising the many positive qualities in everybody.

This is reflected in the hierarchy through the progressive levels of need, which shows Maslow's belief that all people have an innate desire to fulfilll their potential and reach the highest level of "self-actualisation." Maslow thus argued against behaviouralists who argued that what defined human action was stimulus-response, and instead insisted that humans are aiming to achieve something greater rather than merely responding instinctively to situations. This led to his theory of humans having "peak experiences," where they are fully self-actualised and when humans are at harmony with both themselves and their surroundings. Thus the hierarchy of needs helps us to understand the innate desire of humans to become self-actualised and the various levels that there are that need to be worked through in order to achieve those peak experiences.

Yojana_Thapa | Student

Humanistic Perspective is founded Maslow and Rogers. They wanted it all positive, thought that Freud was too negative. Maslow created his hierarchy triangle. It was motivated by a hierarchy of needs and seek self-actualization (to reach one's full potential).

Physiological = satisfying hunger and thirst


Need to feel that we belong

Esteem needs= we are good, we can achieve, recognition

Self-Actualization= to live up to our full potential; succeeded

Self-transcendence= find meaning beyond ourselves; perfection