Briefly identify events or legislative acts that increased the immigration of each of the following groups to the United States: Asian Indians, Filipino Americans, Southeast Asian Americans, Korean Americans.
These immigration policies followed American intervention in the foreign policy of other countries such as Korea and Vietnam. They represent specific attempts from the US to increase the numbers of Asians from various countries entering the United States, whereas before the majority of immigrants had emerged from Europe.
After the fall of the South Vietnamese in 1975, refugees from this area were airlifted by the U.S. government to bases in the Philippines and Guam, and were later transferred to various refugee centers in the United States.
The Refugee Act of 1980 reduced restrictions on entry into the U.S. and some government aid was given to those who entered the fishing industries in the Gulf of Mexico.
Koreans were allowed to settle in the United States in larger numbers in the years following the Korean War, as a result of the very large refugee population at the end of that conflict. Also, because South Vietnam had fallen and the very lives of those who had cooperated with us in the Vietnam War were in danger, Presidents Ford and Carter's immigration policies were quite lenient as far as their immigration went.
Filipinos like my father came here largely because the Philippines was a US territory for decades. Because of this, the US continued to give a great deal of aid to the Philippines. My father came as a student as a result of such a program. So Filipinos have come largely because of historical factors and not because of specific legal programs.
These immigration laws were revised in recognition of the people in South Vietnam specifically and southeast Asia in general who helped the United States military during the Vietnam War and would have been subject to persecution, if not execution, had they remained in Vietnam. With the Pol Pot regime, Cambodia became another country from which many tried to emigrate/escape.
In the mid-1960s, during the administration of President Lyndon Johnson, immigration laws were re-written in such a way as to open the U. S. to greater immigration from Asia. Previously, most immigrants had come from Europe. For further information, see the links below: