Evaluate the extent to which migrations affected United States culture in the period from 1840 to 1898.

The culture of the United States was greatly affected by the migrations of the nineteenth century. This includes the Mormon migration to Utah, the California Gold Rush, Irish immigration, homesteaders, and southern and eastern European immigration. This led to the development of American cities and the settlement of the Great Plains and the West.

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There were several very significant migrations that affected the culture of the United States between 1840 and 1898. When evaluating the extent of these migrations' impact, it may be useful to examine several migrations individually.

One relatively small yet significant migration was the Mormon migration to Utah. Between 1847 and 1869, about 70,000 Mormons from the eastern United States settled in the Utah territory. This led to the quick development of the area and had cultural impacts that reverberate today. This involves a religiously conservative yet entrepreneurial back-to-the-land culture that came to define much of the Great Basin region.

The California Gold Rush of 1849 spurred a massive migration. This led to hundreds of thousands of Americans from the East to migrate to the West in search of fortune. It also resulted in immigration from Latin America and Asia. This created a diverse cultural landscape that came to define California.

Throughout the 1840s and 1850s, 1.5 million Irish fleeing the potato famine arrived in the United States. This was the first major influx of Catholics to the country and challenged the protestant status quo. It was also the first mass wave of impoverished immigrants and led to the growth of urban slums. While some Irish immigrants left for the frontier, the vast majority remained in cities, reshaping the country's urban landscape. Many native-born Americans reacted poorly to their new Irish neighbors, and anti-Irish sentiment rose.

With the Homestead Acts of 1862 and 1866, many Americans migrated to the Great Plains. This led to a growth in the white population throughout the region and the further displacement of native peoples. With thousands of American families settling land for agriculture, people in the region began to pride themselves on their independence and endurance.

One of the largest waves of migrations to the United States began in the 1880s. Millions of southern and eastern European immigrants settled in American cities. Many of them found work in the factories of the quickly industrializing nation. This also lent a great amount of diversity to the country, as this was the first significant wave of non-English speakers to come to the United States.

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