European history, 19th century, France, liberals and radicalsTo what extent did reactionaries/conservatives or liberals/radicals in France dominate during the years 1825 to 1848?

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Queen Langosh eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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I agree with post #6, but would add that Louis-Philippe's monarchy was plagued by protests from emerging radicals on the left and conservatives on the right. As a response, his regime, while devoted to the juste milieu, lurched far to the right as it faced the profound social problems of 19th century France. In the end, it was a very short-lived coalition between leftists like Louis Blanc and liberal bourgeoisie that brought about the downfall of the king after he suppressed public demonstrations against his rule. But this coalition quickly fell apart after Louis-Philippe abdicated. The brutal fighting in Paris between radical democrats and socialists on the one side, and soldiers of the bourgeois National Assembly on the other, called the "June Days" and famously interpreted by Marx as a (failed) class revolution demonstrated the serious divisions in French society during this period. To answer your question fully, ultimately I think Louis Napoleon, who eventually emerged from the chaos as president and later emperor, was able to channel a lot of liberal, even radical elements into his presidency, which enacted fundamental reforms while certainly adopting a conservative approach to power.

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Karen P.L. Hardison eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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The liberal intervention of Louis Philippe d'Orléans into the reign of conservative Charles X through the occurrence of the July Monarchy (1830), also called the Three Glorious Days, indicates that liberalism and radicalism dominated to a significant extent. Louis Philippe's constitutional monarchy sought what he called a just middle ("uste milieu") where royal abuse and excesses were rejected and popular extremes and excesses were equally rejected.

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