I need help writing a 750-1000 word essay responding to the following prompt.
During their first 150 years (ca. 1607-1760), the British colonies in North America became two very distinct regions, the North—a society with slaves—and the South, a slave society. In the first part of your essay please explain how the colonies developed so differently even though the colonists shared a geographic, cultural and political background, by tracing the development of each region and taking into consideration: economic, political, religious, and social components including gender, race and class. In the second part of your answer consider what problems, if any, were evident by 1760 in the co-existance of these two societies that could affect the future of the republic? Finally, discuss what factors and common elements united the colonies by 1776 in their efforts to win independence from England.
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This assignment requests that you write a three-part essay totaling 750-1,000 words. To accomplish this, you should use headings which clearing split the essay into three distinct section of approximately 275-300 words each. Most word processing programs will give you word counts for highlighted sections using a "word count" function on their drop down menus. Otherwise, you can use free online word count tools.
Part 1: how the North and South developed differently
As you write, consider that although the colonies were all located on the same continent, they were planted in very different ecosystems. The south had rich farmland that could readily produce cash crops for export, leading to the formation of large plantations farmed by slaves. The south was generally settled by people in search of economic opportunity, who were members of the Church of England. The northern colonies had poorer, rocky soils, that could only support small family farms. Settlers tended to be Puritans, seeking to establish Calvinist communities. Due to the limitations on agriculture, economic activity was diverse, including fishing and manufacturing. The Mid-Atlantic colonies were dedicated to religious freedom, and included Quakers, German Anabaptists, and Dutch Reformed denominations. The economy was a mixed one, including both farming and manufacturing.
Part 2: problems by 1760 in co-existence
Southern and northern colonies differed in socio-economic structure, with the south much more socially stratified, with aristocratic planters and impoverished workers and slaves, while the north had a larger middle class and a need for skilled labor. The colonies also differed in attitudes toward religion and slavery. Although the fracture lines that would lead to the Civil War were already apparent in the colonial period, the colonies had strong reasons to work together to attain independence from England.
Part 3: unity in winning independence
As you write about why all the colonies joined together in wanting independence, you will want to focus on economics, and especially cover a series of acts passed by the British Parliament restricting the colonies' ability to trade and imposing taxes on the colonies. Essentially, England's desire to exploit the colonies economically to finance its own projects was hurting all colonists where it most mattered -- in their wallets.
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