Which of the following enhances the authority of the Federal Government to review activities of state and local governments?
The ____ enhances the authority of the Federal Government to review activities of state and local governments to ensure that all persons are being given equal protection under the law.
a. 10th Amendment b. 14th Amendment
c. Federalism d. None of the above
The answer to this is B. The 14th Amendment is the one of these options that does the most to enhance the federal government's powers.
We can see this in two ways. First of all, the 14th Amendment specifically addresses state powers. It says what states must do or must not do, not what the federal government must not do. Second, the 14th Amendment is partly about the idea of equal protection. One of the things states must do is to provide all their citizens with the equal protection of the laws.
The amendment gives the federal government more power because it is the Supreme Court that gets to decide what the Constitution means and therefore it gets to decide when states are or are not providing their citizens with equal protection of the law.
Therefore, the answer is B.