English ParliamentWhy is the "Summons" so important? How did the Parliament come to play such an important role in the History of the West?

5 Answers

litteacher8's profile pic

litteacher8 | High School Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

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Parliament was the model for our democratic Congress. Since so many other democracies are modeled on ours, this means that the British Parlaiment had a big influence throughout the world. This is partly due to the two-house model, although it appears in many variations in different countries.
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brettd | High School Teacher | (Level 2) Educator Emeritus

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Parliament represented a necessary and crucial step in the evolution of government and the process of reform from the feudal and monarchical stages of history so that democratic government was possible. Even though the early versions were still subject to the King or Queen's autocratic rule, future democracy would not have been possible without its initial stages of existence.

lrwilliams's profile pic

lrwilliams | College Teacher | (Level 1) Educator

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The Summons of Representatives really layed out the first rules of representation of the people in the governing process. As mentioned above Parliament is the model of many Democratic governments.

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accessteacher | High School Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

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I can but concur with #2 and the points made about the Parliament in Britain offering a genuine alternative - a kind of middle way - between monarchy and autocracy. The development of this far more democratic system of government has had a massive impact on all democracies as it paved the way for a more representative system of governance. Not that it is without problems, but at the same time it represented a real improvement compared to the abuses that occurred under monarchies, for example in France.

pohnpei397's profile pic

pohnpei397 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

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I think Parliament is important in Western History because it was the beginning of the idea of a limited and democratic government.  The development of Parliament and its power showed people that there was an alternative to monarchy and autocracy.  This idea led, for example, to the American Revolution and the creation of the democratic system we now enjoy in the US.

Parliament's development helped point the way towards the system of government that is used in essentially every Western country today.