If I understand you correctly, you are stumbling over the quotations from Shakespeare's various plays that are used to illustrate the eNotes Study Guide that is titled "Reading Shakespeare." If this is correct, maybe it will help you to understand the purpose of the various quotations in this Study Guide.
What the Study Guide is trying to explain is that Shakespeare used ways of arranging words that are different from our regular usage of modern English. In other words, in your lessons on English, you were taught that in English normal sentence is Subject Verb and Subject Verb Object (SV and SVO). Shakespeare also wrote sentences in the SV and SVO patterns. But sometimes he intentionally used other sentence patterns.For example, he might use an Object Subject Verb (OSV) pattern or even an Object Verb Subject (OVS) pattern. Here are some examples of these varying sentence patterns that are found in the Study Guide.
- "Him I saw." OSV
- "where sits the wind." OVS
These kinds of sentence variations are called rhetorical word schemes and are classified as hyperbaton. Just for the sake of curiosity, you can see the descriptions of many word schemes at Literary Terms and Definitions. The reason these random quotations are included the in eNotes Study Guide "Reading Shakespeare" is to (1) teach you that these strange sentence constructions (e.g., "Him I saw") are simply a rearranging of words and to (2) teach you to recognize the rearranged order when you see similar sentences.
So to summarize, with the quotes in this Study Guide, it doesn't matter if you know the play or understand the context of the quotes. All they are meant to teach you is that (1) words in English sentences may be rearranged and still mean the same thing as they do in the right order: OSV means the same as OVS and as SVO and that (2) Shakespeare uses these kinds of rearranged word schemes--these hyperbatons--often. The idea is that knowing these things will help you to read and understand Shakespeare.