What Is The Role Of The Queen Of England

In England what is the role of the queen?

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The British system is fundamentally a constitutional monarchy with the queen serving as the Head of State. However, the ability to develop legislation rests with an elected Parliament. The queen and her office serve as a symbol of unity and national pride. As Head of State, the Queen's interaction with the government is expected to be neutral with regards to the nation's political groupings. 

The queen is expected to open each session of Parliament. The monarch is also responsible for assenting to pieces of legislation passed through parliament. State orders are also approved by the queen. Additionally, the monarch reserves the authority to appoint the Prime Minister. 

The Prime Minister is expected to update the queen on matters including the state of affairs in the nation. Although the monarch does not directly participate in the enforcement of the law, the nation’s legal institutions continue to dispense justice in the name of the sovereign. The Queen also reserves the title and authority of the commander in chief of the British Armed Forces.

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In Great Britain today, the role of the queen is completely ceremonial.  She (and whoever comes after her as monarch) has absolutely no actual power.  In political science terms, she is the head of state for Great Britain but is not head of government.

It is said that the current queen has at least a bit of influence because she has been around so long.  She is kept "in the loop" on important matters of government and actually talks to Prime Ministers relatively often.  However, she is not able to exert any power over them other than perhaps some persuasive power if they choose to give it to her.

Instead, all the monarch does is to be a symbol of British unity and of the British nation -- in other words, she is the head of state.


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