elucidate contemporary debates in post modernism and explain the combination of post modernism literary theory and post modernist histriographics.

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eir | College Teacher | (Level 3) Adjunct Educator

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The basic stance of postmodernism might best be summed up in a single objection: “but there are many {insert noun here}. As a cultural stance, designed to embrace multiple meanings and look from multiple perspectives, it represents a rebellion to the systematizing and totalizing perspective of modernism.

Modernism is a cultural stance that embraces human rationality and standardized rational systems. It arose in the late 19th and early 20th centuries when symbols like the city clock tower and train schedule, allowed individuals to synchronize their actions so that large projects could be coordinated.

As a historical movement, modernism, thus, can be aligned with the rise of industrialization and the factory. For example, many individuals, each concentrating on her own task in the assembly line, had to coordinate their actions in order to build a Ford.

The assembly line, however, requires everyone to be thought of as replaceable and interchangeable. And when everyone uses the same clock, local differences in dealing with time can be wiped out.

Post-modernism, thus, objects to the idea that everyone ought to be considered as being the same. There is an idea that no one ought to have to answer to exactly the same standard.

The different types of postmodernism present this basic objection in different ways. Deconstruction, asserts the impossibility of creating a totalizing whole.

Post-structuralism, looks at the ways that systematic structures develop and change.

Feminism, reminds us to present contexts, especially historical ones, in order to show the limits of totalizing perspectives.

Late Capitalism, tracks a breakdown in totalizing systems and changes in the economy that make systematization much less useful than it was in the early days of the factories.

Each of these types of postmodernism are not to be thought of as opposed to one another so much as they are to be considered as different perspectives on the same problem.

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