Canada has stated policies that frame Canadian residents' political culture, but residents' actual experience may diverge from the framed political culture. To make the point using the element of community, Canada's Department of Multiculturalism and Citizenship was adopted in 1991 and dismantled in 1993 because of residents' criticism of weaknesses in its defining points, such as in assisting Canadians to "enhance and share their cultures" (Marc Leman).
Community: Canada's political cultural element of community is explained as a sense of membership in a collected body of residents and citizens. Canada has a long history of regionalism to take into account. This underpins French-English divisiveness, including differences along economic and geographic lines. Current community issues for Canada include multiculturalism, diversity and ethnic distinctiveness.
Freedom: The political cultural element of freedom is explained through Canadians' belief in majority rule, parliamentary system, democratic process, and political compromise when in the absence of a majority. Freedoms relate to institutions and the law, to private and community rights, and to public expression of ideas.
Equality: The political cultural element of equality is explained as Canadians' belief in the power of one vote, in honoring a regular electoral process, and in being governed by popular sovereignty (the people hold the voice of power). Political equality is a less contentious equality than the equality of groups. Quebec's policy of interculturalism illustrates this. The policy of interculturalism acknowledges and accepts "culturally diverse groups (cultural communities) without, however, implying any intrinsic equality among them" (Marc Leman).
Attitude toward government: The political cultural element of attitude toward government is explained as Canadians' acceptance and support of government. Canadians look to government as the authority that binds and protects Canada's residents. Alienation toward federal government, founded in regionalism, does exist in some regions such as Western Canada and is historically based.
Expectation of government: The political cultural element of expectation of government is explained as the expectation of active government intervention to protect and direct society while ensuring solutions to social problems such as health care and education, and economic problems such as inflation and market crashes.
Marc Leman, "Canadian Multiculturalism."
Open Textbook, Canada, "Chapter 17. Government and Politics." Introduction to Sociology.
David Zussman, "Political Culture." The Canadian Encyclopedia.