Well i personally think that the way Chekhov writes all is concentrated on the character. In this case, Gurov. Gurov leads the plot with his moral quandries. Unlike other authors Chekhov isn't interested in telling the reader the difference between right and wrong, he simply wants to relate a story. The setting is also important, although Chekhov only gives it a few lines, and his language is sparse. The settings are always descriptions of the characters. THe room is dark and depressing, when the character is dark and depressing. THe point of view is third person, cool and detached, like Gurov himself.